Background

Majority of the people in Nepal are dependable in agriculture and agro based professions. Every activity of these phenomenons is related to land. Therefore, proper land management is a prime importance for balancing all round development in the country otherwise managing even basic needs such as food, clothes and shelter for the people of future generation will really become challenging task.

It is mentioned in the Land Use Policy of the Ninth Five Year Plan (1997-2002) that emphasis shall be given to classify the arable land by identifying capacity of productivity of land. In order to fulfill this policy, National Land Use Project was established in 2057 BS.

A Land Use Council was constituted as per the article 51 Cha of Land Related Act 2021 (5th Ammendment) for implementing land use programme. The project is following the policy, guidelines and implements the programmes as specified by the Land Use Council.

In the Tenth Five Year Plan (2002-2007), implementation of land use programme was included. So, the project initiated its work to update existing land resources maps, to prepare land zoning data and to prepare profile of district level and to create land use data, to prepare land zoning data and to prepare profile for Village Development Committees / municipalities level.

Objectives

  1. Minimize the ratio among the different land use sectors for maintaining the balanced land use from the point of view of population, environment and sustainable development; and classify the land for agriculture, forest, pasture, settlement, urban development, industrial areas, etc.
  2. Identify and classify the sectors based on geographical characteristic, land capability and soil quality which are comparatively more beneficial for arable land for agricultural crop production and the areas for income generation such as fruits, cash crops and herbs production areas.
  3. Identify and zoning the land for housing, urbanizing, industrialization and other non-agricultural purposes in the existing municipalities and urban oriented rural areas as well as to balance the environment and sustain the system by preserving and developing water, forest and living treasure.
  4. Identify the main settlement which are in transition zone and develop such areas in a planned and environmentally justifiable way.